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Importance of hormones for the human body

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Importance of hormones for the human body

When it comes to dealing with menopause issues, reproductive health, and fertility, the subject of hormones are at the center of these conditions, especially in females.

What are Hormones?

Hormones are chemical messengers that travel throughout your body by using your bloodstream to reach your organs and tissues. They work as messengers and control several functions like stabilizing your mood, helping in the reproduction process, working on metabolism, and controlling your sexual health.

Hormones and their importance:

The human body secretes different types of hormones that are specialized in different functions. They are secreted in the body with the help of several glands that are effective for the reproduction, growth, and developmental purposes of humans.

Hormones work as chemical substances that efficiently coordinates the day-to-day activities of humans and their growth. Following are some of the important hormones secreted by the glands in our body. So, let us go through a few hormones and their importance in the human body.

1: The T3 and T4 hormones:

One of the major hormones in the body are the T3 and T4 thyroid hormones. Because the thyroid hormones regulate metabolism, they plays a major role in the process of overall digestion in your body. Moreover, it helps manage the overall energy level in your body.

If the thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone, it is known as hyperthyroidism. If it makes to little thyroid hormone, is referred to known as hypothyroidism. Because these hormones are responsible for metabolism, an imbalance in thyroid hormones can negatively impact every body system.

2: Estrogen hormone:

Estrogen hormone is on of  the female sex hormones. It is released by the ovaries in women. This hormone plays an essential role in the development of a female’s pubic hair, breast, widening of hips and other characteristics of the female body, and menstrual cycle health.

If you have reduced estrogen in your body, chances are that you might have a low mood or signs of depression. Low estrogen, particularly in menopausal women, can cause weight gain, hot flashes, and low libido. Many people seek help from professional hormone consultants to resolve their issues.

3: Insulin:

The hormone, insulin, is an essential hormone whose major role is to adequately handle glucose in your bloodstream. Many people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes have mostly high blood sugar. However, with diabetes, the pancreas produces little to no insulin.

When a person develops Type 2 diabetes, he may have insulin resistance which means he has more glucose in his bloodstream than normal. This happens because the body in not responding to insulin as it should be. This leads to decreased immunity, nerve injury, decreased circulation and other complications.

4: Progesterone and testosterone:

Two of the most important hormones in the human body are progesterone and testosterone which are referred to known as the female or male hormones. Progesterone is produced in a female’s ovaries; while testosterone is mainly produced in the testicles of a male.

When a woman has low progesterone, she might experience irregularity in her menstrual cycle. While the low level of testosterone in a male’s body may decrease the sex drive, loss of muscle mass, and hair, and cause a feeling fatigue.

5: Melatonin hormone:

Did you know that many hormones are responsible for the sleep and wake cycles of your circadian rhythms? Melatonin is one of the more important hormones that help to regulate sleep. The rays of the sun minimize the production of melatonin secreted by your pineal gland. And when it gets dark at night, this hormone is produced which helps you get sleepier. The use of cell phones, computers, or TV reduces the amount of melatonin your body produces. Avoiding these devices can support better sleep.

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